Co-Benefits of Climate Action

Integrated sustainability strategies can yield benefits for both community adaptation and mitigation in a more effective way than through siloed approaches (Shaw et al., 2014). This requires understanding relationships and synergies between community development practices and how climate strategies can result in co-benefits, i.e., benefits to more than one aspect of the community. To this end, we have created a climate action co-benefits map that shows the complementary nature between climate action and other actions that can contribute to sustainable development pathways. Such a map can serve as a guide for a more effective and holistic approach to sustainable development.

Check out our e-Dialogue Conversation on the Co-Benefits of Climate Action for more details.


There are three types of nodes in the map, which represent action, innovation, and benefits. The blue node in the centre represents climate action, both mitigation and adaptation. The green nodes represent climate innovations. The orange nodes represent co-benefits of the climate innovations that contribute toward some other aspect of community development.

The relationships between the nodes are illustrated through connecting lines, and three types of connections can be found within this map. The blue connections represent how the innovations contribute to climate action. The green connections show how climate innovation can lead to various co-benefits . The orange connections illustrate the relationships and interdependence between the different co-benefits.


When you click on a node, a description of how it fits within the larger map will appear. Each description contains notes on how a node is connected to other nodes, and references are included to justify the connections. The climate innovations (i.e., green nodes) descriptions provide information on the connections/relationships between the strategies and climate action (i.e., the blue node). The co-benefits (i.e., orange nodes) descriptions will provide information on how the climate innovations can lead to co-benefits, and also how they are connected to other community benefits.

Connections labels appear when you zoom into the map, using the '+' and '-' buttons or the mouse. Click and drag the map to move around and focus on different connections and nodes. As with the nodes, notes associated with connections will appear when you click on them. To collapse descriptions for both connections and nodes to just display the map, click anywhere on the black space of the map.

As a first incarnation, this map is an illustrative resource that will grow over time.

Shaw, A., Burch, S., Kristensen, F., Robinson, J., Dale, A. (2014). Accelerating the sustainability transition: Exploring synergies between adaptation and mitigation in British Columbian communities. Global Environmental Change, 25: 41-51